The spatial convergence of population aging in southern Europe
Population aging challenges the fiscal balances of a state, the role of the elderly and young people in society, the renewal of the labor market, resource allocation, etc. Populations age at different rates so that some regions are catching up with others, while others continue to widen the gap. The concept of convergence can be applied to demographic indicators, including aging.
This paper aims to study the spatial dimension of the convergence of population aging. We decided to use Markov chains to analyse the spatial convergence of southern Europe (Portugal, Spain, France, Italy) from 1998 to 2013.